CLIA (Clinical Laboratories Improvements Amendments)
CLIA or Clinical Laboratories Improvements Amendments was passed by congress in 1988 to establish quality standards for all laboratory testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and timeliness of patient test results regardless of where the test was performed. The requirements are based on the complexity of the testing.
Although CMS requires all laboratories to be registered with CLIA, the type of certificate and specialty in which the accreditation is received makes some labs unique.
CAP (College of American Pathologists)
CAP or College of American Pathologists is a laboratory accreditation for the entire spectrum of laboratory test disciplines with the most scientifically rigorous customized checklist requirements.
It is widely recognized as the ‘gold standard’ and has served as a model for various federal, state, and private laboratory accreditation programs throughout the world. Its inspection program is internationally recognized and the only one of its kind that utilizes teams of practicing laboratory professionals as inspectors.
CAP requires that you go through checklists, pre-inspection, on-site inspection, post-inspection, self-inspections and proficiency testing.